What is the proper way to hold a wine glass?
A wine glass should be held by its stem. Grasping the bowl transmits
heat, which affects the temperature and therefore the taste of the wine.
Why swirl and smell wine before tasting?
Swirling drives oxygen into the wine and helps release aromas and
flavors. Since at least 50% of the taste experience involves the olfactory
sense, smelling a wine is almost as important as tasting it.
Why do experts spit wine out?
It is not necessary to swallow wine to experience its taste. Wine
judges and professional wine tasters are careful to smell wine first, then sip
it, letting the liquid cover their tongues completely. To avoid ingesting
too much alcohol, professionals then spit their wine into a wide mouthed
container known as a spittoon.
Is it necessary to smell the cork before accepting a bottle of wine at a
Smelling the cork may give advance notice that a wine is spoiled or
"corked." In other words, the wine has not been properly preserved
because the cork has failed to do its job. The cork failure rate can be as high
What does "letting a wine breathe" mean?
Admitting oxygen into wine is letting it "breathe." Opening a bottle in
advance won’t help much, since the opening is too small to admit enough
Pouring wine into a glass, letting it stand for a few minutes, then
swirling can help, as can decanting. While oxygen can "open a wine up," too much
oxygen can oxidize or ruin the wine.
Should I steer away from wine in a box or wine with a screw cap
Generally speaking, less expensive, mass produced wines are offered in
paper cartons, bottles or jugs with screw caps. However, in recent years,
vintners have been experimenting with new types of packaging and enclosures, and
it is not unusual to find high quality wines in bottles with screw caps
instead of natural cork.
Does wine get better with age?
Not necessarily. White wines should generally be consumed within 2-3
years of the vintage dates. Red wine typically improves with time in the
cellar, but should be enjoyed within 4-5 years of production. The temperature
at which wine is stored can dramatically affect its shelf life.
Grapes? In Pennsylvania?
Pennsylvania is ranked 5th nationally in the production
of grapes, mostly for juice.
Pennsylvania is ranked 8th nationally in the production of wine
Pennsylvania is ranked 6th nationally in the number of wineries.
Pennsylvania is home to more than 70 wineries.
Pennsylvania wineries make a variety of wines from over 30 types
Pennsylvania is the home of the nation’s first commercial vineyard
Pennsylvania is the home of the two highest elevation vineyards
east of the Rockies.
Approximately 2000 Pennsylvania acres produce grapes for wine,
a good portion going to wineries in New York.
Pennsylvania has seven wine regions and four wine trails.
Over a half million people visit Pennsylvania Tasting Rooms
(Source: Pennsylvania Wine Association Fact Sheet, April,
Do you stomp the grapes with your feet? Where are Lucy and Ethel?
Crossing Vineyards’ computerized press is affectionately
referred to as "Lucy," and its state-of the-art crusher-destemmer,
If you have a question about wine, email us:
Visit our winery to see how technology and tradition comfortably
co-exist to produce wines of the highest quality. Or call 215-493-6500
to schedule a private tasting.